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Types of CNC Mills

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3-Axis CNC Milling Machine

The most common and the one with the most possibilities. It will be used to control the movement of the cutting tool along three axes (X, Y, and Z) to create flat surfaces, pockets, and other basic 3D shapes. Think of it as a 3D carving machine in your mind.


Great for accurate cutting, engraving, and creating parts with flat or mild curved surfaces.


Inappropriate to work on things that are too complex and intricate curves and for which it fails to reach them.

4-Axis and 5-Axis CNC Milling Machines:

This included machines with higher mobility. They work on the same three axes as 3-axis machines (X, Y, and Z) and introduce one or two additional rotational axes (A and B). This increased flexibility enables the machining of convoluted shapes at multiple angles, achieving smooth contours and undercuts. Imagine a sculpture with four arms moved and maneuvered around the sculpture on all sides.


Best suited for complex designs, components with undercuts or multiple contour surfaces, and intricate 3D geometries. Well-suited for use in the aerospace, medical, or automotive industries.

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